More than 47 million voters to the polls tomorrow Sunday to appoint members of the 15th Legislature. This first round clash sees 7877 candidates, including 42.4% women.
They open Sunday at 8 pm. They close, unlike the presidential election at 6pm (not 7pm), except in big cities where it is either 7pm or 8pm. There are about 69,000 polling stations (mainland and overseas) and 864 abroad.
Members are elected by majority vote in two rounds by district for a term of five years renewable.
To be elected in the first round, a candidate must obtain an absolute majority of the votes cast representing at least 25% of registered voters. If this is not the case, the candidates with the first round a number of votes representing at least 12.5% of registered voters can participate in the second round.
Alternatively, qualified two leading candidates. To be elected, a simple majority suffices.
Turnout in parliamentary elections is traditionally lower than for presidential preceding them. In 2012 it was 57.22% in the first round and 55.4% in the second, which is the lowest rate since the beginning of the 5 th Republic in 1958.
In 2007, these rates were 60.42% and 59.98% respectively. We must go back to 1978 to find a legislative record participation: 83.25% in the first round and 84.86% in the second.
7877 candidates, including 42.4% women, are vying for the first round or 4536 candidates and 3341 candidates. They were 6541, 40% of women in previous elections in June 2012.
The number of women elected to the Palais Bourbon has steadily increased: 5.95% of the workforce in 1993, 10.81% in 1997, 12.31% in 2002, 18.54% in 2007 with 107 women elected, and record 2012 with 158 deputies, or 26.86% of the seats.
For the first time, the law in 2014 prohibiting multiple offices will apply. Now a parliamentary no longer exert local executive function, for example, that of mayor. The law on non-accumulation of forced more than 200 outgoing MPs not to represent.
The expected renewal of the Assembly could be on a scale comparable to that of 1958, which saw the election of 310 new MPs.
Members elected on 11th and 18th June will make their comeback on Tuesday 27th June, at the Palais Bourbon, 3pm, and elect their president. This is a secret ballot at the rostrum. The absolute majority of votes cast is required for the first two rounds; the third, a relative majority suffices.
A special session will be convened by the head of state and is expected to last the entire month of July and possibly spill over into August.
The traditional policy statement of the Prime Minister, with commitment of responsibility, should take place on Monday 3rd and Tuesday 4th July, at 3pm.