By 2025, Wind power parks will be 39.2 gigawatts. Germany, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands make up the top three. France is fourth.
The growth of wind power at sea will continue in Europe. From 2017 to 2025, the consulting firm Make, specializing in renewable energy, says it will be at 3 gigawatts (GW) per year.
With 11 GW already in service at the end of 2015 and the wind turbines offshore in connection over the network in 2016, the power of the parks in operation or under construction then reach 39.2 GW. Capacity actually quite small in comparison with wind earth whose power already exceeds the 130 GW in operation in Europe.
European guidelines for State aid for environmental protection and energy for the period 2014-2020 is one of the arguments put forward by the firm to explain the progress of offshore wind power.
It regrets, however, that Europe is fixed for 2030 that global targets for renewable energy, without constraint by specific countries. So he recommends that barrier to increase their visibility on the regulatory framework after 2020 and thus facilitate investment.
Three countries, it said, did not wait to make some commitments to offshore wind power. “Germany has recently legislated to deploy 730 megawatts per year until 2030. The UK is committed policy to install 1 GW annually in the 2020s the Netherlands will deploy 700 MW per year until 2020 with commissioned planned until 2023”, says WindEurope, the association of European manufacturers of the wind .
These three countries form the top three in the installation of wind turbines at sea. France is fourth in the standings with 3.52 GW. A power which is the sum of the six parks of the first two tenders of the government, which would complement the off Dunkirk for which the award procedure has not yet been launched.
The other advantage of offshore wind energy to explain its growth is rapidly declining cost of megawatt hour (MWh). The Danish energy company Dong Energy and just won the Dutch Borssele parks 1 and 2 at a price of € 72.7 per MWh.
The previous record was 103 € for the Danish park Horns Rev 3, allocated only eighteen months earlier.